Sh. I. AKMALOV
Candidate of Political Sciences
Vice-Rector of Tashkent Islamic University
Afghanistan Keywords:, US Afghan policy, "Al-Qaeda", "Taliban", National Reconciliation Program, stability in the Central Asian region
The geopolitical prospects of the Obama administration's plans to withdraw international coalition troops from Afghanistan by 2014 will directly affect the strategic interests of major and regional powers, as well as security and stability in Central Asia.
One of the most significant results of the eleven-year US military campaign in Afghanistan, in addition to the elimination of Osama bin Laden, was the objective realization that the Afghan crisis cannot be resolved by military means. Today's realities show that alternative, effective ways of resolving the conflict are needed, which would simultaneously take into account the problems of ensuring security and sustainable development of the Afghan state and society.
US AFGHAN POLICY: A NEW STAGE
The Obama administration was forced to make serious adjustments to its Afghan policy. The Islamic Republic of Afghanistan (IRA), not accidentally called the "gravedigger of empires", has become a severe historical test for the United States, which has assumed the burden of "global leadership" in the fight against international terrorism.
Globalization has created many threats that have crossed national borders. Terrorism was just one of the most obvious threats on this list, which includes nuclear nonproliferation and climate change. American power was not sufficient to respond to these challenges.1 As Barack Obama noted in his article "Renewing American Leadership, ""America cannot face these threats alone." 2
After three months of reflection, meetings and endless consultations with NATO allies and other partner countries, on December 1, 2009, at West Point Academy, in his "Address to the Nation", Barack Obama announced a new stage in the Afghan war. By that time, despite the increase in the size of the ... Читать далее